Tibetan plateau offers a vast land for wild animals to inhabit. The wildlife on the plateau vary from small to big animals such as wild-Yak. The commonly known wild lives are: snow leopard, black and red bears,deer,Prezewalski's Gazelles,( Tib:Guowa ), antelope, Khyang, blue sheep, wolfs, foxes.
Over 530 species of birds, 190 species of mammals, more than 40 species of reptiles, 30 species of amphibians, and 2300 species of insects are found in the region as a whole.
In general it is said that East Himalayan fauna have an affinity with those of the Chinese and into-Chinese region, whereas West Himalayan fauna are more closely related to Turkmenian and Mediterranean fauna. In the far west and North, there are many hoofed mammals(ungulates),who thrive in this open habitat, and rodents. In the Kunlun ranges these include gazelle, wild ass, wild goat ,wild yak, blue sheep, urial, ibex, brown bear, and wolf.
The saline lakes of the Jangtang plateau are home to varieties of waterfowl during the seasonal migrations. In the Karakorums, The urial, wild yak, ibex, and wild ass are found; while birds of prey such as the lammergeier , griffon, and golden eagle are commonplace .
In the Himalayan region, above the tree-line, there are a number of localised species adapted to cold , such as the snow leopard, brown bear, red panda, and yak. The lower forests are home to the black bear, clouded leopard and terai langur; and the southern foothills are frequented by the rhino, musk deer, and elephant. There are distinctive varieties of fish, such as the glyptothorax, and reptiles, such as the japalura lizard, the blind snake(typhlops), and usual species of insects, such as the troides butterfly. Over 800 species of birds have been identified, including the magpie, titmouse, chough, thrush, redstart, lammergeier, kite, vulture, and snow partridge.
The deep valleys of Southeast Tibet, which are exposed to the moist humidity of the monsoon, support dense forests with a plethora of animals and birds. Here leopard, bear, wild boar, wild goat, langur, lynx, jackal, wild dog, and spotted cat are found.Distinctive species such as the lesser panda and ling yang antelope are still found in the Gyarong region. In the high grasslands of Amdo and the Kham uplands there are brown bears, wild and bighorn sheep, mountain antelope, musk deer, wild ass wild yak, snakes, scorpions, and mountain lizards. Waterfowl are abundant in the lakes of East and Northeast Tibet, as are fish, frogs crabs, otters, and turtles. Birds include the hoopoe, hawk, mynah, gull crane, shelduck, teal owl and magpie.
Among the current administrative divisions of Tibet, Qinghai provinces in the northeast has advanced furthest in the establishment of wildlife reserves(in Nangchen, Drito, and Amnye Machen). Then, 1993. TAR established the worlds second largest reserve in the jangthang region, where much interest has been generated by the work of Dr. George Shaller. More recently, the Great Rivers National Park, covering an area of 66,000sq km was established in the Dechen prefecture of Yunnan province.
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